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Highcliffe St Mark Primary School

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Our Phonics Learning

In Foundation we are using a program called Anima Phonics to help us learn our sounds. There are pictures, songs and actions for each sound.  There are some great resources that you can access from home on their website.


Follow this link to find out more about Anima Phonics.

Phonics and reading in our school (including ideas on how to help at home)

Reading prompts- questions to ask your child when reading

Glossary of phonics terms:

Toy talk is when you say each sound in a word separately like a robot might i.e. h - o - p . The children are encouraged to blend the word together to find out what the word is and, in this case, show they understand by doing the action!

Phonemes are the sounds that letters make. I.e. the letter s makes the sound sss

Graphemes are the way in which the phoneme is represented i.e. the written letter

Segmenting is when you sound out a word by reading the graphemes i.e. m-u-d

Blending is when you put the sounds back together to read the word i.e. m-u-d = mud

Rainbow words (common exception words) are words which contain 'silly sounds' where usual spelling rules don't apply when sounded out.  E.g. the, to, me

Digraphs are two letters that make one sound i.e. sh and ar in sh-ar-k

Trigraphs are three letters that make one sound i.e. igh in n-igh-t

Useful websites and Apps:


These websites have some games to help your children with Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 Letters and Sounds: