In Foundation we are using a program called Anima Phonics to help us learn our sounds. There are pictures, songs and actions for each sound. There are some great resources that you can access from home on their website.
is when you say each sound in a word separately like a robot might i.e. h - o - p . The children are encouraged to blend the word together to find out what the word is and, in this case, show they understand by doing the action!
are the sounds that letters make. I.e. the letter s makes the sound sss
are the way in which the phoneme is represented i.e. the written letter
is when you sound out a word by reading the graphemes i.e. m-u-d
is when you put the sounds back together to read the word i.e. m-u-d = mud
are words which contain 'silly sounds' where usual spelling rules don't apply when sounded out. E.g. the, to, me (common exception words)
are two letters that make one sound i.e. sh and ar in sh-ar-k
are three letters that make one sound i.e. igh in n-igh-t
Useful websites and Apps:
These websites have some games to help your children with Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 Letters and Sounds: