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Phase Five of our phonics programme!


Children at this stage should already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.


In Phase Five, we will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.


Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.


Over the year we introduce common exception words, including decodable and tricky words, as well as days of the week. 



This week and next we're learning:

ch /c/ - as in school

ch /sh/ - as in chef

ie /ee/ - as in Jamie

y /igh/ - as in sky, fry

y /ee/ - as in sleepy

ea /e/ - as in bread, breakfast

ou /oa/ - as in shoulder, mouldy

ou /oo/ - as in soup, group



Previously, we've learnt: 

ay /ai/ - as in may, play, stay

ea /ee/ - as in sea, pea, please,

oy /oi/ - as in boy, toy, enjoy

ie /igh/ - as in tie, pie, lie

ue /oo/ - as in blue, clue

e_e /ee/ - as in these, evening, swede

aw /or/ - as in saw, draw, claw

y /ee/ - as in happy, fairy

o_e /oa/ - as in home, con(this is a 'split digraph')

ou /ow/ - as in out, cloud

ew /oo/ - as in new, threw

ph /f/ - as in photo, dolphin

oe /oa/ - as in toe, foe

a-e /ai/ - as in make, wave

ir /ur/ - as in girl, twirl

au /or/ - as in Paul, author

i /igh/ - as in mind, find

g /j/ - as in giant, giraffe, agent

o /oa/ - as in old, cold 

c /s/ - as in cent, ice

ow /oa/ - as in grow, throw

u /oo/ - as in put, octopus