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Our Letters and Sounds Learning

Our Letters and Sounds Learning


Our current focus: 

We continue to work on phase 1 letters and sounds skills such as rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, sound discrimination and oral segmenting and blending (sound talking). This term the children will have many opportunities to recap the Phase 2 and Phase 3 phonemes. We will continue to practice spotting and reading the tricky words we have learnt so far as well as learning new tricky words from Phase 4. The children will continue the Phase 4 of the Letters and Sounds scheme. 


We have been learning to segment and blend for reading and writing:

  • CVCC (consonant vowel consonant  consonant) words such as went, camp, golf, next, toast
  • CCVC (consonant consonant vowel consonant) words such as spot, spin, speck, crash, trail
  • CCVCC (consonant consonant vowel consonant consonant) words such as blink, crisp , drink
  • Using our robot arms to sound out CVCC, CCVC  and CCVCC words when writing and reading


The phonemes that we have already learnt are: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss, j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, oa, igh, ar, or, oo (boot), oo (look), oi, ow, ur, er, ear, air, ure 

For each phoneme we look at the corresponding grapheme (including the cursive formation) and we learn the Jolly Phonics actions and songs (see link below for these).


During Summer Term we will...

-learn to spot clusters of letters to help with reading fluency and spelling.














-learn to identify alternative graphemes when reading and writing:

oi - oy: boy, toy, joy     ai - ay: play, say, day     ee - y: hungry, sleepy


-learn to read some two-syllable words such as - treetop, sandpit, lunchbox, bedroom


Tricky words:

We have started to introduce our phase 4 tricky words - said, have, like, so, do, some, come, little, one, were, there, out, what, when


So far we have learnt to read: the, to, I, no, go, into, he, she, we, me, be, you, are, her, all, was, my, they, said, have, like, so, do, some, come  


We are also practicing how to spell: the, to, I, no, go, into, he, she, we, me, be, you, are, her, all, was, my, they, said, like  

Glossary of phonics terms:

Sound talking is when you say each sound in a word separately like a robot might i.e. h - o - p . The children are encouraged to blend the word together to find out what the word is and, in this case, show they understand by doing the action!

Phonemes are the sounds that letters make. I.e. the letter s makes the sound sss

Graphemes are the way in which the phoneme is represented i.e. the written letter

Segmenting is when you sound out a word by reading the graphemes i.e. m-u-d

Blending is when you put the sounds back together to read the word i.e. m-u-d = mud

Tricky words are words which cannot be decoded therefore we cannot sound them out- they just have to be learnt by sight

Digraphs are two letters that make one sound i.e. sh and ar in sh-ar-k

Trigraphs are three letters that make one sound i.e. igh in n-igh-t

Cursive writing is the handwriting style in which we learn to write.  It has feeder and leader lines on each letter in order to join up to other letters

Blends and Clusters Blends or clusters are not same as diagraphs or triagraphs which makes one single sound. Blends like 'sl' has two sounds 's' and 'l'. The knowledge of blends or clusters helps children to quickly identify them when blending and segmenting adjacent consonants in words and apply this skill when reading and spelling.

Old MacDonald Had Some Vowels AEIOU

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We have loved learning the five vowels by singing this song!

Useful websites and Apps:


These websites have some games to help your children with Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 Letters and Sounds: Letters and Sounds - free resources for phonics teaching


Phonics Bloom Logo




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Alpha Blocks





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Free E-Books and linked games!





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